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Bax and Bid act in synergy to bring about T11TS-mediated glioma apoptosis via the release of mitochondrial cytochrome c and subsequent caspase activation.

Authors: Bhattacharjee, M  Acharya, S  Ghosh, A  Sarkar, P  Chatterjee, S  Kumar, P  Chaudhuri, S 
Citation: Bhattacharjee M, etal., Int Immunol. 2008 Dec;20(12):1489-505. Epub 2008 Oct 17.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:18931364
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1093/intimm/dxn109

The specific apoptotic role of T11TS has been well established in glioma animal models. T11TS specifically induces the glioma cells to die an apoptotic death via immune cross-talk with the two intracranial immune competent cells-microglia and the brain-infiltrating lymphocytes. To unearth the molecular cascades operative within the glioma cells and to some extent in the two interacting immunocytes, we had initiated studies where preliminary findings not only had indicated the involvement of death receptors but had also hinted to the involvement of other apoptotic regulators. Hence, to identify the molecular pathway of apoptosis involving other apoptotic regulators in the three cell types, the cells were studied for the intrinsic apoptotic death regulators that were engaged to maintain the mitochondrial membrane integrity. The proteins that were selected could be divided into three broad classes-the Bcl-2 family of proteins-Bid, Bax and Bcl-2; the guardian of the genome p53 and the proteins downstream of mitochondria-Apaf-1, cytochrome c, caspase-9 and caspase-3. Activated Bid as well as maximal p53 expression was observed in the first dose of T11TS thus dually activating the pro-apoptotic Bax in the first and second dose in the glioma cells. Concurrently, the pro-survival protein Bcl-2's expression level was very much down-regulated in the same two doses favoring the internal microenvironment to proceed for apoptosis. High expression of cytochrome c and Apaf-1 and the presence of active caspase-9 and active caspase-3 in all the T11TS-treated tumor-bearing groups further adjudicated apoptosis of the glioma cells with clear involvement of mitochondrial death pathway in the T11TS-treated animals. Even though expression of the apoptotic regulators remained more or less the same indicating the involvement of mitochondria in the two interacting immunocytes, the intensity of expression of these proteins was much lower than the tumor cells. The present work focuses on the mechanistic approach of how T11TS mediates apoptosis and hence is the first approach of its kind in the field of immunology where the immunotherapeutic molecule's mode of action has been worked out.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2313998
Created: 2009-10-30
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2009-10-30
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.