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Protein kinase A and B-Raf mediate extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation by thyrotropin.

Authors: Vuchak, LA  Tsygankova, OM  Prendergast, GV  Meinkoth, JL 
Citation: Vuchak LA, etal., Mol Pharmacol. 2009 Nov;76(5):1123-9. Epub 2009 Aug 31.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:19720729
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1124/mol.109.060129

Thyrotropin (TSH) regulates thyroid cell proliferation and function through cAMP-mediated signaling pathways that activate protein kinase A (PKA) and Epac/Rap1. The respective roles of PKA versus Epac/Rap1 in TSH signaling remain unclear. We set out to determine whether PKA and/or Rap1 mediate extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation by TSH. Neither blocking Rap1 activity nor silencing the expression of Rap1 impaired TSH or forskolin-induced ERK activation in Wistar rat thyroid cells. Direct activation of Epac1 failed to stimulate ERK activity in starved cells, suggesting that Epac-induced Rap1 activity is not coupled to ERK activation in rat thyroid cells. By contrast, PKA activity was required for cAMP-stimulated ERK phosphorylation and was sufficient to increase ERK phosphorylation in starved cells. Expression of dominant-negative Ras inhibited ERK activation by TSH, forskolin, and N(6)-monobutyryl (6MB)-cAMP, a selective activator of PKA. Silencing the expression of B-Raf also inhibited ERK activation by TSH, forskolin, and 6MB-cAMP, but not that stimulated by insulin or serum. Depletion of B-Raf impaired TSH-induced DNA synthesis, indicating a functional role for B-Raf in TSH-regulated proliferation. Collectively, these results position PKA, Ras, and B-Raf as upstream regulators of ERK activation and identify B-Raf as a selective target of cAMP-elevating agents in thyroid cells. These data provide the first evidence for a functional role for B-Raf in TSH signaling.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2315869
Created: 2010-01-14
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-01-14
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.