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Expression and regulation of antimicrobial peptide rCRAMP after bacterial infection in primary rat meningeal cells.

Authors: Brandenburg, LO  Varoga, D  Nicolaeva, N  Leib, SL  Podschun, R  Wruck, CJ  Wilms, H  Lucius, R  Pufe, T 
Citation: Brandenburg LO, etal., J Neuroimmunol. 2009 Dec 10;217(1-2):55-64. Epub 2009 Oct 30.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:19879657
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.jneuroim.2009.10.004

Bacterial meningitis is characterized by an inflammation of the meninges and continues to be an important cause of mortality and morbidity. Meningeal cells cover the cerebral surface and are involved in the first interaction between pathogens and the brain. Little is known about the role of meningeal cells and the expression of antimicrobial peptides in the innate immune system. In this study we characterized the expression, secretion and bactericidal properties of rat cathelin-related antimicrobial peptide (rCRAMP), a homologue of the human LL-37, in rat meningeal cells after incubation with different bacterial supernatants and the bacterial cell wall components lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and peptidoglycan (PGN). Using an agar diffusion test, we observed that supernatants from meningeal cells incubated with bacterial supernatants, LPS and PGN showed signs of antimicrobial activity. The inhibition of rCRAMP expression using siRNA reduced the antimicrobial activity of the cell culture supernatants. The expression of rCRAMP in rat meningeal cells involved various signal transduction pathways and was induced by the inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1, -6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha. In an experimental model of meningitis, infant rats were intracisternally infected with Streptococcus pneumoniae and rCRAMP was localized in meningeal cells using immunohistochemistry. These results suggest that cathelicidins produced by meningeal cells play an important part in the innate immune response against pathogens in CNS bacterial infections.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2316237
Created: 2010-02-02
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-02-02
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.