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A notable example of an evolutionary conserved gene: studies on a putative DNA helicase TIP49.

Authors: Kurokawa, Y  Kanemaki, M  Makino, Y  Tamura, TA 
Citation: Kurokawa Y, etal., DNA Seq. 1999;10(1):37-42.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10565543

TIP49a (just called as simply TIP49 in previous reports [Kanemaki et al., 1997; Makino et al., 1998]) was found in a rat nuclear protein complex that included the TATA-binding protein. TIP49a possesses multiple sequence motifs for ATPase and DNA helicase. Since TIP49a structurally resembles prokaryotic DNA helicase RuvB, TIP49a is resumed to be a putative DNA helicase. We demonstrated TIP49a-related gene(s) in variety organisms from human to archaea. Amino acid identities expressed as aligned scores of human, yeast, and A. fulgidus TIP49a gene counterparts to the rat sequence were 99, 67, and 46, respectively. Strikingly, two homologous regions of mammalian TIP49a and bacterial RuvB exhibited an aligned score of 17-38. We demonstrated that the eukaryotic TIP49a counterparts were immunologically conserved. These lines of evidence show that the TIP49a gene is a notable example of a highly conserved gene among organisms. An extensive homology search revealed another class of TIP49-related gene in the eukaryotes, designated as TIP49b. Moreover, a phylogenetical study suggested that archaeal TIP49 genes belong to the TIP49b ancestor but not to the TIP49a one and that TIP49a evolved from TIP49b in accordance with divergence of archaea and eukarya. The TIP49 gene family is thought to play a fundamental role in a biological activity.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2316867
Created: 2010-03-02
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-03-02
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.