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High glucose suppresses expression of equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (ENT1) in rat cardiac fibroblasts through a mechanism dependent on PKC-zeta and MAP kinases.

Authors: Grden, M  Podgorska, M  Kocbuch, K  Rzepko, R  Szutowicz, A  Pawelczyk, T 
Citation: Grden M, etal., J Cell Physiol. 2008 Apr;215(1):151-60.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17941087
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1002/jcp.21296

Recently it was demonstrated that the elevated concentration of glucose but not lack of insulin is responsible for suppression of equilibrative nucleoside transporter (ENT1) in diabetic rat cardiac fibroblasts (CFs). The present study was undertaken to determine the signaling pathway utilized by glucose to regulate the expression of ENT1 in the primary culture of rat CFs. Pretreatment of CFs with Go 6983, an isozyme non-selective PKC inhibitor, prevented the high glucose (25 mM) effect on ENT1 mRNA level and nitrobenzylthioinosine (NBTI)-sensitive adenosine uptake. Similar effect was observed with a cell-permeable PKC-zeta pseudosubstrate, whereas Go 6976 a selective inhibitor of Ca(2+)-dependent PKC-alpha and PKC-beta isozymes had little effect on high glucose-induced suppression of ENT1 mRNA level. Incubation of CFs with nitric oxide (NO) donors (SNAPE, SNP) or NO synthase inhibitors (L-NAME, L-NMMA) prior to exposition of CFs to high glucose did not change the glucose effect on ENT1 mRNA level. The high glucose-induced suppression of ENT1 expression was blocked by PD9859 (an inhibitor of MEK), whereas neither wortmannin (an inhibitor of PI3K) nor rapamycin (an inhibitor of mTOR) affected the glucose action on ENT1 transcript level. Highly effective in preventing the high glucose effect on ENT1 mRNA level were GW 5074 (an inhibitor of Raf kinase) and SB 203580 (selective p38 MAPK inhibitor). These findings indicate that high glucose suppresses the expression of ENT1 in CFs by NO independent manner involving the signaling through PKC-zeta, Raf-1, MEK, and p38 MAPK pathways.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2316932
Created: 2010-03-02
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-03-02
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.