Delayed synapsing muscles are more severely affected in an experimental model of MuSK-induced myasthenia gravis.

Authors: Xu, K  Jha, S  Hoch, W  Dryer, SE 
Citation: Xu K, etal., Neuroscience. 2006 Dec;143(3):655-9. Epub 2006 Nov 1.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17081697
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2006.09.022

Myasthenia gravis can be induced in mice by injecting the extracellular domain of rat muscle-specific kinase (MuSK), a transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase involved in agrin signaling at the neuromuscular junction. About 5-10% of human myasthenia gravis patients have autoantibodies against MuSK. Here we have examined mouse neuromuscular junctions following MuSK immunization in two groups of muscles that can be distinguished on the basis of the timing of neuromuscular synaptogenesis and their response to perturbation of agrin signaling. We used confocal microscopy to characterize the distribution and expression of nicotinic acetylcoline receptors and of two presynaptic makers, neurofilament protein and synaptophysin. We observed disruption of neuromuscular junctions in all muscles examined in this model of myasthenia gravis. However delayed-synapsing muscles, including the diaphragm, sternomastoid and tibialis posterior, were significantly more severely affected than fast-synapsing muscles, including the intercostal, adductor longus and tibialis anterior. These results suggest a basis for the differential susceptibility of muscles in different classes of myasthenia gravis patients, including patients with autoantibodies against MuSK.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2317084
Created: 2010-03-12
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-03-12
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.