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Increased menin expression in sporadic pituitary adenomas.

Authors: Wrocklage, C  Gold, H  Hackl, W  Buchfelder, M  Fahlbusch, R  Paulus, W 
Citation: Wrocklage C, etal., Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2002 May;56(5):589-94.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12030908

BACKGROUND: Germline mutations of the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) tumour-suppressor gene are responsible for multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, and menin, the MEN1 gene product, is usually downregulated or truncated in MEN1-associated adenomas. In contrast, exonic MEN1 mutations seem to be very rare in sporadic (MEN1-unrelated) pituitary adenomas, and it has been suggested that menin does not play a major role in these tumours. However, menin might be involved in sporadic adenoma tumorigenesis by downregulation through intronic mutations, epigenetic, posttranscriptional or posttranslational mechanisms. PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: We screened MEN1 coding regions and flanking intronic sequences of 136 sporadic pituitary adenomas by temporal temperature gradient gel electrophoresis (TTGE) and studied menin expression by immunoblotting in 11 of these tumours. RESULTS: Sequencing of DNAs showing aberrant migration on TTGE revealed five somatic MEN1 mutations, including two missense mutations (F134L, E530K), a 2-bp deletion in exon 10 (c.1567-1568del) leading to a premature stop codon, and two 3-bp deletions in intron 5 (g.5236-5238del, g.5237-5239del). These mutations have not been reported previously in studies analysing the MEN1 gene. Immunoblotting showed menin upregulation in all adenomas examined (including one case with a missense mutation) from 1.7-fold to 10.4-fold (mean, 4.2-fold) compared to non-neoplastic adenohypophysis. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that neither MEN1 mutations nor menin downregulation play a significant role in the development of sporadic pituitary adenomas.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2317360
Created: 2010-03-30
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-03-30
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.