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A genotype of the polymorphic DNA repair gene MGMT is associated with de novo glioblastoma.

Authors: Inoue, R  Isono, M  Abe, M  Abe, T  Kobayashi, H 
Citation: Inoue R, etal., Neurol Res. 2003 Dec;25(8):875-9.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:14669534
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1179/016164103771954005

Glioblastoma is one of the most malignant tumors in humans. This tumor is thought to develop as a result of the accumulation of genetic abnormalities, mainly focused on the loss of heterozygosity on chromosome 10. O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), which is one of the most important DNA repair proteins, has also been reported that enzymatic activity, as well as the methylation status of the promoter region of the MGMT gene, contributes to the therapeutic response of alkylating agents. We previously found three allelic variants in the MGMT gene and assayed the characteristics of these polymorphic proteins. We designed a case-control study to investigate the role of MGMT genotypic risk factors for primary brain tumors. We compared the distributions of MGMT genotypes in primary brain tumors and normal controls. The frequencies of MGMT genotypes in examined primary brain tumors were not different from normal subjects. However, the combined heterozygote of V1 and a wild allele (V1/W) was frequently detected in de novo glioblastoma group with significant difference. Interestingly, among glial tumors, the V1/W genotype was dominantly detected in the patients with de novo glioblastoma. This study suggests that the V1/W genotype of the MGMT gene may contribute to the de novo occurrence of glioblastoma.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2317667
Created: 2010-04-15
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-04-15
Status: ACTIVE


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