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The localization of messenger ribonucleic acids for somatostatin receptors 1, 2, and 3 in rat testis.

Authors: Zhu, LJ  Krempels, K  Bardin, CW  O'Carroll, AM  Mezey, E 
Citation: Zhu LJ, etal., Endocrinology. 1998 Jan;139(1):350-7.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9421433
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1210/endo.139.1.5661

Somatostatin (SRIF) exerts multiple inhibitory actions throughout the body by binding to specific SRIF receptors (sst). In recent years, five subtypes of SRIF receptors (sst1-5) have been cloned. In this study, 35S-labeled complementary RNA probes were used for in situ hybridization to localize the sst1-5 messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in the rat testis and examine the changes in their distribution during the cycle of the seminiferous epithelium. We found that sst 1-3 mRNAs were visualized in rat testes and were mainly localized within the seminiferous tubules. The signal for sst3 mRNA was also found in interstitial cells. sst4 and 5 mRNAs were not detected in rat testes with the method used in this study. In Sertoli cells, the most intense labeling for sst1 and 3 mRNAs was in stages IV-VII of the cycle of the seminiferous epithelium, which coincided with the lowest labeling intensity for sst2. In germ cells, sst1-3 mRNAs showed similar patterns of distribution. In these cells, sst1-3 mRNA was not observed at the early steps of spermatogenesis. Positive signals for sst1-3 mRNAs were first apparent in the pachytene spermatocytes at stage VII and last until stage XII and in the diplotene spermatocyte at stage XIII. Positive signals for sst1-3 were also detected in round spermatids at stages I-VIII. Labeling of spermatids dramatically decreased at stage IX, when these cells began their elongating changes. The presence of three sst in testis suggests that SRIF may play an essential role in testicular function.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2325005
Created: 2010-05-18
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-05-18
Status: ACTIVE



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