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Identification of the apoptosis activation cascade induced in mammary carcinomas by energy restriction.

Authors: Thompson, HJ  Zhu, Z  Jiang, W 
Citation: Thompson HJ, etal., Cancer Res. 2004 Feb 15;64(4):1541-5.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:14973070

Energy restriction (ER) inhibits mammary carcinogenesis and results in a marked reduction in tumor size, effects likely to be explained by ER-mediated induction of apoptosis. The goal of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanism(s) accounting for apoptosis induction. To do this, chemically induced mammary carcinomas were evaluated from rats that were ad libitum fed (control), 40% ER, or 40% ER but energy repleted for 7 days before study termination (ER-REP); the ER-REP group permitted the determination of the reversibility of ER-mediated effects. Cleaved products of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 were elevated by ER (P < 0.025) providing biochemical evidence of apoptosis induction. cDNA microarray analysis identified the Bcl-2, CARD, and IAP functional gene groupings as being involved in apoptosis induction. Consistent with the microarray data, the activities of caspases 9 and 3 were observed to be approximately 2-fold higher in carcinomas from ER rats (P < or =0.01), whereas caspase 8 activity was similar in carcinomas from all three of the groups. This evidence that ER-induced apoptosis mediated by the mitochondrial pathway was additionally supported by the finding that levels of Bcl-2, Bcl-xl, and XIAP protein were significantly lower (P < 0.01), and levels of Bax and Apaf-1 were elevated (P < 0.02) in ER carcinomas versus those carcinomas from control or ER-REP rats. Additional studies revealed that Akt phosphorylation (activation) was reduced in mammary carcinomas from ER rats. Thus, it appears that ER induces apoptosis in mammary carcinomas via a cell survival factor-dependent pathway.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2325748
Created: 2010-06-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-06-08
Status: ACTIVE



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