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MiR-125a-5p ameliorates monocrotaline-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension by targeting the TGF-β1 and IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathways.

Authors: Cai, Zongye  Li, Jian  Zhuang, Qi  Zhang, Xueming  Yuan, Ancai  Shen, Lan  Kang, Kang  Qu, Bo  Tang, Yuanjia  Pu, Jun  Gou, Deming  Shen, Jieyan 
Citation: Cai Z, etal., Exp Mol Med. 2018 Apr 27;50(4):45. doi: 10.1038/s12276-018-0068-3.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:29700287
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1038/s12276-018-0068-3

Pulmonary vascular remodeling due to excessive proliferation and resistance to apoptosis of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) is the hallmark feature of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Recent evidence suggests that miR-125a-5p plays a role in a rat model of monocrotaline-induced PAH (MCT-PAH); however, the underlying mechanism is currently unknown. Here, we examined the expression profile of miR-125a-5p in MCT-PAH rats and investigated the putative therapeutic effect of miR-125a-5p using the miR-125a-5p agomir. In addition, the miR-125a-5p agomir or antagomir was transfected into rat PASMCs, and proliferation and apoptosis were measured. Activity of the miR-125a-5p target STAT3 was measured using a luciferase reporter assay, and the expression of downstream molecules was measured using RT-qPCR and/or western blot analysis. Importantly, inducing miR-125a-5p expression in vivo slowed the progression of MCT-PAH by reducing systolic pulmonary arterial pressure, the Fulton index, and pulmonary vascular remodeling. Moreover, overexpressing miR-125a-5p inhibited the proliferation and promoted the apoptosis of PASMCs. In addition, stimulating PASMCs with TGF-β1 or IL-6 upregulated miR-125a-5p expression, whereas overexpressing miR-125a-5p reduced TGF-β1 and IL-6 production, as well as the expression of their downstream targets STAT3 and Smad2/3; in contrast, downregulating miR-125a-5p increased TGF-β1 and IL-6 production. Finally, a dual-luciferase reporter assay revealed that miR-125a-5p targets the 3'-UTR of STAT3, suppressing the downstream molecules PCNA, Bcl-2, and Survivin. Taken together, these findings suggest that miR-125a-5p ameliorates MCT-PAH in rats, has a negative feedback regulation with TGF-β1 and IL-6, and regulates the proliferation and apoptosis of PASMCs by directly targeting STAT3.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 26884455
Created: 2020-05-11
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2020-05-11
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.