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Polymorphisms in the IL-4, IL-4 receptor alpha chain, TNF-alpha, and lymphotoxin-alpha genes and risk of asthma in Hong Kong Chinese adults.

Authors: Mak, JC  Ko, FW  Chu, CM  Leung, HC  Chan, HW  Cheung, AH  Ip, MS  Chan-Yeung, M 
Citation: Mak JC, etal., Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2007;144(2):114-22. Epub 2007 May 24.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17536219
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1159/000103222

BACKGROUND: Susceptibility to the development of asthma and other atopic diseases is known to be associated with genetic components. However, association studies with interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-4 receptor alpha subunit (IL-4R alpha), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and lymphotoxin-alpha (LT-alpha) genes were inconclusive, as both positive and negative results were obtained in several populations studied. We aimed to investigate the association of the polymorphisms for IL-4 (C-589T), IL-4R alpha (Gln576Arg), TNF-alpha (G-308A) and LT-alpha (A252G) genes as candidates and asthma in adult Hong Kong Chinese population. METHODS: The association study was conducted in an age- and smoking status-matched case-control design in asthma patients (n = 292) and healthy controls (n = 292) using polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism. RESULTS: No significant differences were found in allele and genotype frequencies of all four genes between patients and controls. After stratification by atopic status, the heterozygous AG genotype of LT-alpha (A252G) was found to increase risk of asthma in atopic population [odds ratio (OR) = 2.00, 95% CI 1.09-3.67, p = 0.024]. When stratified by smoking status, we found increased risk of asthma with subjects carrying the heterozygous AG and homozygous GG genotypes of LT-alpha in ever-smokers (OR = 2.73, 95% CI 1.11-6.69, p = 0.028 for heterozygotes; OR = 3.34, 95% CI 1.16-9.62, p = 0.026 for homozygotes). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the variability of LT-alpha genotypes may have potential implications for individual susceptibility to asthma in atopic or in ever-smoking Chinese adults in Hong Kong.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 4143371
Created: 2010-09-22
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-09-22
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.