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Alterations in renal and hepatic nitrogen metabolism in rats during HCl ingestion.

Authors: Lardner, AL  O'Donovan, DJ 
Citation: Lardner AL and O'Donovan DJ, Metabolism. 1998 Feb;47(2):163-7.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9472964

The effect of prolonged metabolic acidosis on hepatic and renal enzymes associated with nitrogen metabolism was investigated. The rates of urinary ammonia and urea excretion were also determined. Administration of 9 mmol HCl daily for 8 days resulted in severe metabolic acidosis. The activity of the first two enzymes of the urea cycle, carbamoyl phosphate synthetase (CPS) and ornithine transcarbamoylase (OTC), was 30% greater in chronically acidotic rats than in pair-fed controls. There was also a fivefold increase in renal phosphate-dependent glutaminase (PDG) activity and an 18 to 24-fold increase in renal ammonia excretion. Urea excretion was not constant in the acidotic group, decreasing during the first 4 days and gradually returning to pair-fed control levels between the fourth and eighth day. The return to control levels of urinary urea excretion coincided with the plateau of urinary ammonia excretion that occurred by day 4 in the acidotic group. A similar pattern of urea nitrogen excretion has been observed in both NH4Cl and HCl acidosis, ie, an initial decrease in urea excretion followed by a gradual increase with time. These results suggest that hepatic urea synthesis does not play a significant role in long-term regulation of the acid-base balance in rats during chronic metabolic acidosis.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 4144071
Created: 2010-09-30
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-09-30
Status: ACTIVE


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