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Biotin deficiency decreases ornithine transcarbamylase activity and mRNA in rat liver.

Authors: Maeda, Y  Kawata, S  Inui, Y  Fukuda, K  Igura, T  Matsuzawa, Y 
Citation: Maeda Y, etal., J Nutr. 1996 Jan;126(1):61-6.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:8558326

Biotin deficiency is well known as a cause of hyperammonemia, but there has been no report on the effect of biotin deficiency on hepatic ureagenesis. In this study, we examined the changes in the activities and gene expression of urea cycle enzymes using rats fed raw egg white as a model of biotin deficiency. All rats were made biotin-deficient by feeding them an avidin-containing diet for 6 wk. The rats were divided into two groups at the beginning of this experiment: biotin-deficient rats (BD rats) and biotin-supplemented rats (BS rats) which were treated with biotin once a day at a dose of 1 mg per rat intraperitoneally. The plasma ammonia concentration of the BD rats (92.8 +/- 12 mumol/L) was significantly higher than that of BS rats (63.9 +/- 16 mumol/L, P < 0.05). The activities of ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) was significantly lower in the liver of the BD (110.2 +/- 5.5) rats than in the BS rats (154 +/- 3.8 U/mg protein, P < 0.01). Activities of the other urea cycle enzymes were not significantly different in the two groups. OTC gene expression in the liver of BD rats was 40% lower than in BS rats (P < 0.05). These data suggest that biotin deficiency decreases OTC activity and the amount of OTC mRNA.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 4144076
Created: 2010-10-01
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-10-01
Status: ACTIVE



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