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House dust mite allergen induces asthma via Toll-like receptor 4 triggering of airway structural cells.

Authors: Hammad, H  Chieppa, M  Perros, F  Willart, MA  Germain, RN  Lambrecht, BN 
Citation: Hammad H, etal., Nat Med. 2009 Apr;15(4):410-6. Epub 2009 Mar 29.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:19330007
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1038/nm.1946

Barrier epithelial cells and airway dendritic cells (DCs) make up the first line of defense against inhaled substances such as house dust mite (HDM) allergen and endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS). We hypothesized that these cells need to communicate with each other to cause allergic disease. We show in irradiated chimeric mice that Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression on radioresistant lung structural cells, but not on DCs, is necessary and sufficient for DC activation in the lung and for priming of effector T helper responses to HDM. TLR4 triggering on structural cells caused production of the innate proallergic cytokines thymic stromal lymphopoietin, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, interleukin-25 and interleukin-33. The absence of TLR4 on structural cells, but not on hematopoietic cells, abolished HDM-driven allergic airway inflammation. Finally, inhalation of a TLR4 antagonist to target exposed epithelial cells suppressed the salient features of asthma, including bronchial hyperreactivity. Our data identify an innate immune function of airway epithelial cells that drives allergic inflammation via activation of mucosal DCs.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 4144141
Created: 2010-10-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-10-08
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.