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The CD14 C-159T polymorphism is not associated with asthma or asthma severity in an Australian adult population.

Authors: Kedda, MA  Lose, F  Duffy, D  Bell, E  Thompson, PJ  Upham, J 
Citation: Kedda MA, etal., Thorax. 2005 Mar;60(3):211-4.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15741437
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1136/thx.2004.028449

BACKGROUND: CD14 functions as a multifunctional receptor for bacterial cell wall components including endotoxin and lipopolysaccharide and is likely to play a role in the polarisation of T lymphocytes into Th1 and Th2 subsets, thereby influencing the cytokine profile and subsequent IgE production in response to antigen/allergen contact in allergic phenotypes. A functional C-159T polymorphism has been described in the promoter region of the gene and has been associated with increased gene expression, atopy, and non-atopic asthma in different ethnic populations. A study was undertaken to examine the association between the C-159T polymorphism and asthma, asthma severity, and atopy in a large Australian white population. METHODS: PCR-RFLP analysis was used to characterise the C-159T polymorphism in mild (n = 264), moderate (n = 225) and severe (n = 79) asthmatic patients and non-asthmatic controls (n = 443), including atopic (n = 688) and non-atopic (n = 323) individuals. Association analyses were performed using chi(2) tests. RESULTS: There was no association between the polymorphism and asthma (p = 0.468) or asthma severity (p = 0.727), and only a very weak association with atopy (p = 0.084). A meta-analysis of all studies conducted to date revealed similar genotypic frequencies in white ethnic populations and confirmed that there was no overall association with atopy (p = 0.52) or asthma (p = 0.23), although there was significant between study heterogeneity (p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms that there is no association between the CD14 C-159T polymorphism and asthma or asthma severity and a weak association between this polymorphism and atopy in an adult population.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 4144815
Created: 2010-10-15
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-10-15
Status: ACTIVE



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