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GGTI-2133, an inhibitor of geranylgeranyltransferase, inhibits infiltration of inflammatory cells into airways in mouse experimental asthma.

Authors: Chiba, Y  Sato, S  Misawa, M 
Citation: Chiba Y, etal., Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2009 Oct-Dec;22(4):929-35.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:20074456

Statins have been proposed as a novel treatment of respiratory diseases including asthma. Although the mechanism of anti-inflammatory effect of statins is still unclear, an inhibition of protein prenylation by depleting the downstream metabolites of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase might be involved. To test the hypothesis, the effects of GGTI-2133, a direct inhibitor of geran ylgeranyltransferase (GGTase), on antigen-induced airway inflammation were investigated in a murine model of allergic bronchial asthma. Mice were sensitized and repeatedly challenged with ovalbumin antigen (OA). Animals were also treated with GGTI-2133 (5 mg/kg/day, i.p.) once a day before and during the antigen inhalation period. Repeated antigen inhalation caused an infiltration of inflammatory cells, especially eosinophils, into airways. Significant increases in interleukin (IL)-4, IL-13, eotaxin, thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids and total and OA-specific IgE in sera were also found in the antigen-exposed animals. The systemic treatments with GGTI-2133 inhibited the antigen-induced eosinophil infiltration into airways almost completely. However, interestingly, the GGTI-2133 treatment did not affect the levels of these chemotactic factors and IgE. These findings suggest that selective inhibition of GGTase is effective for eosinophilic airway inflammation such as asthma.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 4145487
Created: 2010-11-05
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-11-05
Status: ACTIVE



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