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Anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha antibody treatment reduces pulmonary inflammation and methacholine hyper-responsiveness in a murine asthma model induced by house dust.

Authors: Kim, J  McKinley, L  Natarajan, S  Bolgos, GL  Siddiqui, J  Copeland, S  Remick, DG 
Citation: Kim J, etal., Clin Exp Allergy. 2006 Jan;36(1):122-32.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16393274
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2222.2005.02407.x

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent studies documented that sensitization and exposure to cockroach allergens significantly increase children's asthma morbidity as well as severity, especially among inner city children. TNF-alpha has been postulated to be a critical mediator directly contributing to the bronchopulmonary inflammation and airway hyper-responsiveness in asthma. This study investigated whether an anti-TNF-alpha antibody would inhibit pulmonary inflammation and methacholine (Mch) hyper-responsiveness in a mouse model of asthma induced by a house dust extract containing both endotoxin and cockroach allergens. METHODS: A house dust sample was extracted with phosphate-buffered saline and then used for immunization and two additional pulmonary challenges of BALB/c mice. Mice were treated with an intravenous injection of anti-TNF-alpha antibody or control antibody 1 h before each pulmonary challenge. RESULTS: In a kinetic study, TNF-alpha levels within the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid increased quickly peaking at 2 h while BAL levels of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 peaked at later time-points. Mch hyper-responsiveness was measured 24 h after the last challenge, and mice were killed 24 h later. TNF inhibition resulted in an augmentation of these Th2 cytokines. However, the allergic pulmonary inflammation was significantly reduced by anti-TNF-alpha antibody treatment as demonstrated by a substantial reduction in the number of BAL eosinophils, lymphocytes, macrophages, and neutrophils compared with rat IgG-treated mice. Mch hyper-responsiveness was also significantly reduced in anti-TNF-alpha antibody-treated mice and the pulmonary histology was also significantly improved. Inhibition of TNF significantly reduced eotaxin levels within the lung, suggesting a potential mechanism for the beneficial effects. These data indicate that anti-TNF-alpha antibody can reduce the inflammation and pathophysiology of asthma in a murine model of asthma induced by a house dust extract.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 4145508
Created: 2010-11-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-11-08
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.