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Constitutive expression of IL-18 and IL-18R in differentiated IEC-6 cells: effect of TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma treatment.

Authors: Kolinska, J  Lisa, V  Clark, JA  Kozakova, H  Zakostelecka, M  Khailova, L  Sinkora, M  Kitanovicova, A  Dvorak, B 
Citation: Kolinska J, etal., J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2008 May;28(5):287-96.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:18547159
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1089/jir.2006.0130

The multifunctional cytokine interleukin-18 (IL-18) is an important mediator in intestinal inflammatory processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the constitutive expression of IL-18 and its receptors (IL-18Ralpha and IL-18Rbeta) in intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) stimulated by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). In addition, cellular proliferation and evaluation of brush border enzymes as differentiation markers were studied. Nontransformed rat intestinal epithelial IEC-6 cells were grown on an extracellular matrix (ECM) in medium with or without TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, or a combination of both. Gene expression of IL-18, its receptors and apoptotic markers was evaluated using real-time PCR. Expression of IL-18Ralpha protein was demonstrated by flow cytometry and Western blot. Enzymatic activities of brush border enzymes and caspase-1 were determined. The constitutive expression of IL-18, IL-18Ralpha and IL-18Rbeta mRNAs and proteins were detected in IEC-6 cells. The biologically active form of IL-18 was released in response to TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma treatment. Exogenous IL-18 had no effect on cellular proliferation, brush border enzyme activities, and gene expression of apoptotic markers. However, the addition of IL-18 stimulated production and release of the chemokine IL-8. These data suggest that IEC-6 cells may be not only a source of IL-18 but also a target for its action.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 4889457
Created: 2010-12-02
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-12-02
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.