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Thyroid-stimulating hormone induces interleukin-18 gene expression in FRTL-5 cells: immunohistochemical detection of interleukin-18 in autoimmune thyroid disease.

Authors: Takiyama, Y  Miyokawa, N  Tokusashi, Y  Ito, K  Kato, S  Kimura, S  Sato, K  Katagiri, M 
Citation: Takiyama Y, etal., Thyroid. 2002 Nov;12(11):935-43.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12490070
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1089/105072502320908268

Interleukin (IL)-18 is a cloned cytokine that was identified originally as a factor having potent interferon (IFN)-gamma-inducing activity on Kupffer cells. First, we analyzed IL-18 gene expression by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in rat thyroid FRTL-5 cells and human thyroid tissue samples. The expression of IL-18 mRNA in FRTL-5 cells was enhanced by thryoid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in a dose-dependent manner. 8-Bromo-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) also increased in IL-18 mRNA levels. Furthermore, TGCT clones that exhibited an increase in intracellular cAMP accumulation showed an increased IL-18 mRNA signal when compared to controls. Taken together, these data suggested that the effect of TSH on IL-18 gene expression was mediated by activating protein kinase A. Treatment of FRTL-5 cells with the antithyroid drug, methimazole (MMI), suppressed this stimulatory action of TSH on IL-18 gene expression. Next, we examined IL-18 expression in human thyroid tissue derived from patients with autoimmune thyroid diseases (ATD). RT-PCR and immunohistology demonstrated that human thyroid follicular cells expressed IL-18. Especially in thyroid tissue from a patient with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, expression was more diffuse and extensive, generally observed in close relation to a lymphocytic infiltrate. Also, IL-18 protein was distributed in the same follicles that express Fas-L and HLA-DR. This study is the first to demonstrate the detection of IL-18 in the thyroid gland. The frequent expression of IL-18 in thyrocytes suggests that IL-18 itself might be a secreted immunomodulator in ATD.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 4889506
Created: 2010-12-03
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-12-03
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.