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Phosphorylation of threonine residue 276 is required for acute regulation of serotonin transporter by cyclic GMP.

Authors: Ramamoorthy, S  Samuvel, DJ  Buck, ER  Rudnick, G  Jayanthi, LD 
Citation: Ramamoorthy S, etal., J Biol Chem. 2007 Apr 20;282(16):11639-47. Epub 2007 Feb 19.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17310063
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1074/jbc.M611353200

Cellular protein kinases, phosphatases, and other serotonin transporter (SERT) interacting proteins participate in several signaling mechanisms regulating SERT activity. The molecular mechanisms of protein kinase G (PKG)-mediated SERT regulation and the site of transporter phosphorylation were investigated. Treatment of rat midbrain synaptosomes with 8-bromo-cGMP increased SERT activity, and the increase was selectively blocked by PKG inhibitors. The V(max) value for serotonin (5-HT) transport increased following cGMP treatment. However, surface biotinylation studies showed no change in SERT surface abundance following PKG activation. (32)P metabolic labeling experiments showed increased SERT phosphorylation in the presence of cGMP that was abolished by selectively inhibiting PKG. Phosphoamino acid analysis revealed that cGMP-stimulated native SERT phosphorylation occurred only on threonine residues. When added to CHO-1 cells expressing SERT, 8-bromo-cGMP stimulated 5-HT transport and SERT phosphorylation. Mutation of SERT threonine 276 to alanine completely abolished cGMP-mediated stimulation of 5-HT transport and SERT phosphorylation. Although the T276A mutation had no significant effect on 5-HT transport or SERT protein expression, mutation to aspartate (T276D) increased the level of 5-HT uptake to that of cGMP-stimulated 5-HT uptake in wild-type SERT-expressing cells and was no longer sensitive to cGMP. These findings provide the first identification of a phosphorylation site in SERT and demonstrate that phosphorylation of Thr-276 is required for cGMP-mediated SERT regulation. They also constitute the first evidence that in the central nervous system PKG activation stimulates endogenous SERT activity by a trafficking-independent mechanism.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 4889518
Created: 2010-12-03
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2010-12-03
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.