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Macrophage migration inhibitory factor is essential for allergic asthma but not for Th2 differentiation.

Authors: Magalhaes, ES  Mourao-Sa, DS  Vieira-de-Abreu, A  Figueiredo, RT  Pires, AL  Farias-Filho, FA  Fonseca, BP  Viola, JP  Metz, C  Martins, MA  Castro-Faria-Neto, HC  Bozza, PT  Bozza, MT 
Citation: Magalhaes ES, etal., Eur J Immunol. 2007 Apr;37(4):1097-106.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17373669
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1002/eji.200635968

Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is increased in asthmatic patients and plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of asthma. We show here that mice lacking MIF failed to develop airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR), tissue eosinophilia, and mucus metaplasia. Analysis of the bronchoalveolar fluids revealed a substantial reduction of IL-13, eotaxin and cysteinyl-leukotrienes. The lack of these cardinal features of asthma in MIF(-/-) mice occurs regardless of high concentrations of IL-4 in the lung and OVA-specific IgE in the serum. Antigen-specific lymphocyte proliferation and IL-13 production were similarly increased in the draining lymph nodes of OVA-immunized and challenged MIF(-/-) mice compared to WT, but were reduced in the spleen of MIF(-/-), thus indicating differential roles of MIF in these compartments. Stimulation of naive CD4(+) cells with anti-CD3 antibody demonstrated that MIF(-/-) cells produced increased amounts of IFN-gamma and IL-4 compared to WT CD4(+) cells. Finally, treatment of sensitized BALB/c mice with neutralizing anti-MIF antibody abrogated the development of ARH and airway inflammation without affecting the production of Th2 cytokines or IgE. The present study demonstrates that MIF is required for allergic inflammation, adding important elements to our knowledge of asthma pathogenesis and suggesting that neutralization of MIF might be of therapeutic value in asthma.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 4891035
Created: 2011-01-04
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-01-04
Status: ACTIVE



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