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Association of defensin beta-1 gene polymorphisms with asthma.

Authors: Levy, H  Raby, BA  Lake, S  Tantisira, KG  Kwiatkowski, D  Lazarus, R  Silverman, EK  Richter, B  Klimecki, WT  Vercelli, D  Martinez, FD  Weiss, ST 
Citation: Levy H, etal., J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2005 Feb;115(2):252-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15696078
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.jaci.2004.11.013

BACKGROUND: Defensins are antimicrobial peptides that may take part in airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness. OBJECTIVE: We characterized the genetic diversity in the defensin beta-1 (DEFB1) locus and tested for an association between common genetic variants and asthma diagnosis. METHODS: To identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), we resequenced this gene in 23 self-defined European Americans and 24 African Americans. To test whether DEFB1 genetic variants are associated with asthma, we genotyped 4 haplotype-tag SNPs in 517 asthmatic and 519 control samples from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and performed a case-control association analysis. To replicate these findings, we evaluated the DEFB1 polymorphisms in a second cohort from the Childhood Asthma Management Program. RESULTS: Within the NHS, single SNP testing suggested an association between asthma diagnosis and a 5' genomic SNP (g.-1816 T>C; P = .025) and intronic SNP (IVS+692 G>A; P = .054). A significant association between haplotype (Adenine, Cytosine, Thymine, Adenine [ACTA]) and asthma ( P = .024) was also identified. Associations between asthma diagnosis and both DEFB1 polymorphisms were observed in Childhood Asthma Management Program, a second cohort: g.-1816 T>C and IVS+692 G>A demonstrated significant transmission distortion ( P = .05 and .007, respectively). Transmission distortion was not observed in male subjects. The rare alleles (-1816C and +692A) were undertransmitted to offspring with asthma, suggesting a protective effect, contrary to the findings in the NHS cohort. Similar effects were evident at the haplotype level: ACTA was undertransmitted ( P = .04) and was more prominent in female subjects ( P = .007). CONCLUSION: Variation in DEFB1 contributes to asthma diagnosis, with apparent gender-specific effects.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 4892263
Created: 2011-02-16
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-02-16
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.