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Genetic association studies of interleukin-13 receptor alpha1 subunit gene polymorphisms in asthma and atopy.

Authors: Konstantinidis, AK  Barton, SJ  Sayers, I  Yang, IA  Lordan, JL  Rorke, S  Clough, JB  Holgate, ST  Holloway, JW 
Citation: Konstantinidis AK, etal., Eur Respir J. 2007 Jul;30(1):40-7. Epub 2007 Mar 28.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17392323
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1183/09031936.00025706

Interleukin (IL)-13 plays a central role in asthma pathogenesis by binding to the IL-13 receptor, which is a heterodimer composed of the IL-13 receptor alpha1 subunit (IL-13Ralpha1) and IL-4Ralpha. The genetic diversity at the IL-13Ralpha1 gene (IL13RA1) locus on chromosome Xq24 was characterised and the association of identified polymorphisms with asthma and atopy phenotypes examined. The promoter and coding region of IL13RA1 were screened for common genetic variants, and polymorphisms found were genotyped in a large cohort of 341 asthmatic Caucasian families (each containing at least two asthmatic siblings) and 182 nonasthmatic control subjects. Genetic association was determined using case-control and transmission disequilibrium test analyses. Two common polymorphisms were identified, a newly found thymidine (T) to guanine (G) transition of nucleotide -281 (-281T>G) single nucleotide polymorphism in the IL13RA1 promoter and the previously described 1365A>G variant in the IL13RA1 proximal 3' untranslated region. No significant association of either -281T>G or 1365A>G with risk of asthma or atopy phenotypes was found, apart from a suggestive association between the IL13RA1 -281T/1365A haplotype and raised total serum immunoglobulin E levels in adult female asthmatics. These findings indicate that the interleukin-13 receptor alpha1 subunit gene -281T>G and 1365A>G polymorphisms do not contribute to asthma susceptibility or severity, although the interleukin-13 receptor alpha1 subunit gene locus might be involved in the control of immunoglobulin E production.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 4892650
Created: 2011-02-28
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-02-28
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.