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Evidence for a role of mast cells in the evolution to congestive heart failure.

Authors: Hara, M  Ono, K  Hwang, MW  Iwasaki, A  Okada, M  Nakatani, K  Sasayama, S  Matsumori, A 
Citation: Hara M, etal., J Exp Med. 2002 Feb 4;195(3):375-81.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11828013

Mast cells are believed to be involved in the pathophysiology of heart failure, but their precise role in the process is unknown. This study examined the role of mast cells in the progression of heart failure, using mast cell-deficient (WBB6F1-W/W(v)) mice and their congenic controls (wild-type [WT] mice). Systolic pressure overload was produced by banding of the abdominal aorta, and cardiac function was monitored over 15 wk. At 4 wk after aortic constriction, cardiac hypertrophy with preserved left ventricular performance (compensated hypertrophy) was observed in both W/W(v) and WT mice. Thereafter, left ventricular performance gradually decreased in WT mice, and pulmonary congestion became apparent at 15 wk (decompensated hypertrophy). In contrast, decompensation of cardiac function did not occur in W/W(v) mice; left ventricular performance was preserved throughout, and pulmonary congestion was not observed. Perivascular fibrosis and upregulation of mast cell chymase were all less apparent in W/W(v) mice. Treatment with tranilast, a mast cell-stabilizing agent, also prevented the evolution from compensated hypertrophy to heart failure. These observations suggest that mast cells play a critical role in the progression of heart failure. Stabilization of mast cells may represent a new approach in the management of heart failure.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 5128508
Created: 2011-03-07
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-03-07
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.