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Decreased expression of uteroglobin-related protein 1 in inflamed mouse airways is mediated by IL-9.

Authors: Chiba, Y  Kusakabe, T  Kimura, S 
Citation: Chiba Y, etal., Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2004 Dec;287(6):L1193-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15531759
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1152/ajplung.00263.2004

Uteroglobin-related protein 1 (UGRP1) is a secretory protein, highly expressed in epithelial cells of airways. Although an involvement of UGRP1 in the pathogenesis of asthma has been suggested, its function in airways remains unclear. In the present study, a relationship between airway inflammation, UGRP1 expression, and interleukin-9 (IL-9), an asthma candidate gene, was evaluated by using a murine model of allergic bronchial asthma. A severe airway inflammation accompanied by airway eosinophilia and elevation of IL-9 in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids was observed after ovalbumin (OVA) challenge to OVA-sensitized mice. In this animal model of airway inflammation, lung Ugrp1 mRNA expression was greatly decreased compared with control mice. A significant inverse correlation between lung Ugrp1 mRNA levels and IL-9 levels in BAL fluid was demonstrated by regression analysis (r = 0.616, P = 0.023). Immunohistochemical analysis revealed a distinct localization of UGRP1 in airway epithelial cells of control mice, whereas UGRP1 staining was patchy and faint in inflamed airways. Intranasal administration of IL-9 to naive mice decreased the level of Ugrp1 expression in lungs. These findings suggest that UGRP1 is downregulated in inflamed airways, such as allergic asthmatics, and IL-9 might be an important mediator for modulating UGRP1 expression.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 5128690
Created: 2011-03-15
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-03-15
Status: ACTIVE



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