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IL-9 and its receptor in allergic and nonallergic lung disease: increased expression in asthma.

Authors: Shimbara, A  Christodoulopoulos, P  Soussi-Gounni, A  Olivenstein, R  Nakamura, Y  Levitt, RC  Nicolaides, NC  Holroyd, KJ  Tsicopoulos, A  Lafitte, JJ  Wallaert, B  Hamid, QA 
Citation: Shimbara A, etal., J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2000 Jan;105(1 Pt 1):108-15.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10629460

BACKGROUND: Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease associated with genetic components. Recently IL-9 has been reported as a candidate gene for asthma and to be associated with bronchial hyperresponsiveness and elevated levels of total serum IgE. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the contribution of IL-9 to the pathogenesis of asthma, we examined the expression of IL-9 and its receptor (IL-9R) in bronchial tissue from subjects with atopic asthma (n = 10), chronic bronchitis (n = 11), and sarcoidosis (n = 9) and from atopic (n = 7) and nonatopic (n = 10) healthy control subjects. METHODS: Bronchial biopsy specimens were examined for the presence of IL-9 and IL-9R protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) by immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization, respectively. To phenotype the cells expressing IL-9 in asthmatic tissue, combined in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry was also performed. RESULTS: There was a highly significant difference (P <.001) in the expression of IL-9 mRNA in asthmatic airways (20.6 +/- 4.0 cells/mm of basement membrane) compared with chronic bronchitis (5.6 +/- 4.4), sarcoidosis (2.5 +/- 1.8), atopic control subjects (7.7 +/- 2.2), and healthy control subjects (2.7 +/- 2.3). The number of IL-9 immunoreactive cells was also greater in asthmatic patients compared with the other groups (P <.05). Although the level of IL-9R mRNA expression did not differ in any of the groups (P >.05), IL-9R immunoreactivity was significantly higher in asthmatic compared with control subjects. Furthermore, IL-9 mRNA expression levels were also significantly correlated with FEV(1) (P <.05) and the airway responsiveness to methacholine producing a 20% fall in FEV(1) (P <. 01). The cells expressing IL-9 mRNA in asthmatic tissue were CD3(+) lymphocytes (68%), major basic protein(+) eosinophils (16%), and elastase(+) neutrophils (8%). CONCLUSION: The results of this study demonstrate the potential of IL-9 to be a marker for atopic asthma and furthermore suggest an important role for this cytokine in the pathophysiologic mechanisms of this disease.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 5128704
Created: 2011-03-15
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-03-15
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.