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Cardioprotective and survival benefits of long-term combined therapy with beta2 adrenoreceptor (AR) agonist and beta1 AR blocker in dilated cardiomyopathy postmyocardial infarction.

Authors: Ahmet, I  Krawczyk, M  Zhu, W  Woo, AY  Morrell, C  Poosala, S  Xiao, RP  Lakatta, EG  Talan, MI 
Citation: Ahmet I, etal., J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2008 May;325(2):491-9. Epub 2008 Feb 20.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:18287209
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1124/jpet.107.135335

We have reported therapeutic effectiveness of pharmacological stimulation of beta2 adrenoreceptors (ARs) to attenuate the cardiac remodeling and myocardial infarction (MI) expansion in a rat model of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) post-MI. Furthermore, the combination of beta2 AR stimulation with beta1 AR blockade exceeded the therapeutic effectiveness of beta1 AR blockade. However, these studies were relatively short (6 weeks). In this study, in the same experimental model, we compared different effects, including survival benefit, of combined therapy with the beta1 AR blocker, metoprolol, plus the beta2 AR agonist, fenoterol (beta1-beta2+), and either therapy alone (beta1- or beta2+) during the 1-year study. Therapy was started 2 weeks after permanent ligation of the left coronary artery. Cardiac remodeling, MI expansion, and left ventricular function were assessed by serial echocardiography and compared with untreated animals (nT). Sixty-seven percent mortality in nT was reduced to 33% in the beta1-beta2+ (p < 0.01). Progressive cardiac remodeling observed in nT and beta1- was significantly attenuated in beta1-beta2+ during the first 6 months of treatment. In beta1-beta2+, MI expansion was completely prevented, and functional decline was significantly attenuated during the entire year. Myocardial apoptosis was significantly reduced in both beta1-beta2+ and beta1-. A reduction of cardiac beta1 AR density and decreases in chronotropic and contractile responses to beta2 AR-specific stimulation in the absence of a reduction of beta2 AR density in nT were precluded in rats receiving combined therapy. The results demonstrate the cardioprotective and survival benefit of long-term combination therapy of beta2 AR agonists and beta1 AR blockers in a model of DCM.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 5129132
Created: 2011-03-24
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-03-24
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.