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Decreased T-bet expression and changes in chemokine levels in adults with asthma.

Authors: Ko, FW  Lun, SW  Wong, CK  Szeto, CC  Lam, CW  Leung, TF  Hui, DS 
Citation: Ko FW, etal., Clin Exp Immunol. 2007 Mar;147(3):526-32.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17302903
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2249.2006.03315.x

T-bet is a novel transcription factor regulating lineage commitment of T helper (Th) lymphocytes to a predominant Th1 phenotype. Previous studies on T-bet and asthma focused mainly on bronchial biopsy specimens. This study assessed the relationship between T-bet expression and levels of selected chemokines in the peripheral blood of asthmatics. Blood was collected from 24 steroid-naive asthmatics, 39 asthmatics on inhaled corticosteroid and 32 age- and sex-matched controls for assay of T-bet expression, specific IgE and chemokines (interferon-gamma inducible protein-10 (IP-10/CXCL10), monokines induced by interferon-gamma (MIG/CXCL9), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1/CCL2), regulated upon activation normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES/CCL5) and interleukin-8 (IL-8/CXCL8) levels. T-bet mRNA expression was assessed by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Chemokine levels were assessed by immunofluorescence flow cytometry. The mean (s.d.) age and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1))% predicted of the asthmatics were 43 x 6 (14 x 6) years and 85 x 9 (20.0)%, respectively. The median (IQR) T-bet expression after normalization with beta-actin was suppressed in asthmatics versus controls [asthmatics 0 x 71 (0 x 59) versus controls 1 x 07 (1 x 14), P=0 x 03].The median (IQR) of plasma RANTES was elevated, whereas IP-10 was suppressed in asthmatics versus controls (RANTES: 13658 x 0 (13673 x 3) versus 6299 x 5 (19407 x 8) pg/ml, P=0 x 03; IP-10: 1047 x 6 (589 x 8) versus 1306 x 4 (759 x 9) pg/ml, P=0 x 001). There was a weak and negative correlation between T-bet expression and RANTES level in the asthmatics (r=-0 x 29, P=0 x 032). T-bet could be measured in peripheral blood and its expression was suppressed in asthmatics. This is in keeping with asthma being a predominantly Th2 disease and T-bet probably plays a role in the pathogenesis of asthma. Further studies are needed to explore the potential application of peripheral blood monitoring of T-bet.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 5135439
Created: 2011-07-20
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-07-20
Status: ACTIVE



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