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Promoter polymorphism in the 5-lipoxygenase (ALOX5) and 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (ALOX5AP) genes and asthma susceptibility in a Caucasian population.

Authors: Sayers, I  Barton, S  Rorke, S  Sawyer, J  Peng, Q  Beghe, B  Ye, S  Keith, T  Clough, JB  Holloway, JW  Sampson, AP  Holgate, ST 
Citation: Sayers I, etal., Clin Exp Allergy. 2003 Aug;33(8):1103-10.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12911785

BACKGROUND: 5-Lipoxygenase (5-LO) and 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) are essential for cysteinyl-leukotriene (cys-LT) production, critical mediators in asthma. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify novel promoter polymorphisms within the FLAP (ALOX5AP) gene promoter and test the role of these and the previously identified 5-LO (ALOX5) Sp1 promoter polymorphism in asthma susceptibility. METHODS: To assess genetic association with asthma phenotypes, we genotyped 341 Caucasian families (containing two asthmatic siblings) and non-asthmatic control subjects (n=184). Genetic association was determined by case-control and transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) analyses. To determine the functional role of polymorphisms on basal transcription, we generated ALOX5AP-promoter-luciferase constructs and transiently transfected human HeLa cells. RESULTS: A novel G/A substitution at -336 bp and a poly(A) repeat (n=19 or 23) at position -169 to -146 bp were identified in the ALOX5AP promoter. Genotyping found the -336 A and poly(A19) alleles at frequencies of q=0.06 and 0.12, respectively. No ALOX5AP allele was associated with asthma or asthma-related phenotypes in case-control or TDT analyses. ALOX5AP-promoter-luciferase analyses did not support a functional role of the -336 or poly(A) polymorphism in determining basal transcription. The ALOX5 Sp1 polymorphism was predominantly homozygous wild-type 5/5 (frequency q=0.70) and heterozygous 4/5 (q=0.23) genotypes and no allele was associated with asthma or asthma-related phenotypes. CONCLUSION: Taken together, these data do not support a significant role for these polymorphisms in genetic susceptibility to asthma in the Caucasian population.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 5147465
Created: 2011-08-05
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-08-05
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.