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Role of tachykinin receptors and melatonin in oxitocin secretion from isolated rat hypothalmo-neurohypophysial system.

Authors: Juszczak, M  Furykiewicz-Nykis, K  Stempniak, B 
Citation: Juszczak M, etal., J Physiol Pharmacol. 2004 Dec;55(4):739-49.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15613740

Present investigations were undertaken to study the influence of peptide NK-1 and NK-2 receptor agonists and antagonists as well as substance P and neurokinin A (the natural ligands for these tachykinin receptors) on oxytocin (OT) release from isolated rat hypothalamo-neurohypophysial (H-N) system as well as to determine whether the tachykinin NK-1 and/or NK-2 receptors contribute to the response of oxytocinergic neurons to melatonin. The results show, for the first time, that highly selective NK-1 receptor agonist, i.e., [Sar(9),Met(O(2))(11)]-Substance P, enhances while the NK-1 receptor antagonist (Tyr(6),D-Phe(7),D-His(9))-Substance P (6-11) - sendide - diminishes significantly OT secretion; the latter peptide was also found to antagonize the substance P-induced hormone release from isolated rat H-N system, when used at the concentration of 10(-7) M/L. Melatonin significantly inhibited basal and substance P-stimulated OT secretion. Neurokinin A and the NK-2 receptor selective agonist (beta-Ala(8))-Neurokinin A (4-10) as well as the NK-2 receptor antagonist (Tyr(5),D-Trp(6,8,9),Lys-NH(2)(10))-Neurokinin A (4-10) were essentially inactive in modifying OT release from the rat H-N system in vitro. The present data indicate a distinct role for tachykinin NK-1 (rather than NK-2) receptor in tachykinin-mediated regulation of OT secretion from the rat H-N system. Under present experimental conditions, however, a role of respective tachykinin receptors in the response of oxytocinergic neurons to melatonin has not been found.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 5147476
Created: 2011-08-05
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-08-05
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.