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Effect of nepadutant, a neurokinin 2 tachykinin receptor antagonist, on immediate-early gene expression after trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid-induced colitis in the rat.

Authors: Birder, LA  Kiss, S  De Groat, WC  Lecci, A  Maggi, CA 
Citation: Birder LA, etal., J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2003 Jan;304(1):272-6.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12490601
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1124/jpet.102.042077

Tachykinins have been implicated in inflammatory responses such as those occurring in inflammatory bowel disease. Accordingly, we investigated the effect of a selective neurokinin (NK) 2 receptor antagonist, nepadutant, on proto-oncogene expression in the L(6)-S(1) spinal cord as well as in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons after either non-noxious colorectal distension (CRD) or trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis in the adult rat. In both preparations, c-fos was expressed in similar spinal cord regions, including medial and lateral dorsal horn, dorsal commissure (DCM; laminae X above the central canal), and the sacral parasympathetic nucleus (SPN, laminae V-VII). However, TNBS-induced colitis produced significantly larger numbers (8-10-fold increase over control) of Fos-positive spinal cord neurons. In addition, there was also a significant increase (3-4-fold) in the number of Jun-positive colon DRG neurons after colitis compared with CRD. Nepadutant had no significant effect on proto-oncogene expression induced by CRD in either spinal cord neurons or DRG neurons. In contrast, nepadutant significantly decreased (70%) the number of Fos-positive neurons in dorsal horn, DCM, and SPN spinal cord regions and significantly decreased (75%) the number of Jun-positive DRG neurons after TNBS-induced irritation of the colon. These findings indicate that nepadutant suppresses the responses of colonic afferent neurons to nociceptive stimuli and that NK2 receptor antagonists may be beneficial in the treatment of sensory symptoms of colitis.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 5147478
Created: 2011-08-05
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-08-05
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.