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Effect of a non-peptide NK-2 tachykinin receptor antagonist on LH, FSH, and prolactin release by rat hemipituitaries in vitro.

Authors: Debeljuk, L  Bandera, R  Bartke, A 
Citation: Debeljuk L, etal., J Physiol Pharmacol. 1997 Sep;48(3):461-78.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9376629

Tachykinins are present in the anterior pituitary gland and there is evidence that they may have a direct intrapituitary role influencing the secretion of some of the hormones released by this gland. In this investigation, we have studied the effect of the non-peptide NK-2 receptor antagonist SR 48,968 (Sanofi Recherche) on the basal release of LH, FSH, and prolactin by rat hemipituitaries incubated in vitro, and also on the response to GnRH. SR 48,968 significantly inhibited prolactin release into the medium. The highest doses of this compound stimulated the basal release of LH by hemipituitaries from castrated, castrated testosterone-treated, and ovariectomized estradiol-treated rats, but not from intact male rats. SR 48,968 significantly inhibited the release of LH in response to GnRH. Since some tachykinin receptor antagonists have been demonstrated to act also on calcium channels, studies with verapamil, a calcium channel antagonist, were also carried out for comparison. Verapamil inhibited prolactin release into the medium and decreased the LH response to GnRH. These results suggest that tachykinins that bind NK-2 receptors, may have an intrapituitary role stimulating the release of prolactin, and that they may also modulate the response of the gonadotrophs to GnRH. The fact that verapamil shares some of the actions exerted by NK-2 receptor antagonists on the pituitary glandm however, suggests the possibility that some of the effects of NK-2 receptor antagonists may be mediated through calcium channel antagonism. Therefore, the results observed with the use of some of these antagonists should be interpreted with great caution.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 5147487
Created: 2011-08-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-08-08
Status: ACTIVE



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