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Guiding adult Mammalian sensory axons during regeneration.

Authors: Webber, CA  Xu, Y  Vanneste, KJ  Martinez, JA  Verge, VM  Zochodne, DW 
Citation: Webber CA, etal., J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2008 Mar;67(3):212-22.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:18344912
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1097/NEN.0b013e3181654972

Misdirection of axons after nerve injury impairs successful regeneration of adult neurons. Investigations of axon guidance in development have provided an understanding of pathfinding, but their relevance to regenerating adult axons is unclear. We investigated adult mammalian axon guidance during regeneration after peripheral nerve injury and focused on the effects of the prototypic guidance molecule nerve growth factor (NGF). Adult rat sensory neurons from dorsal root ganglia that expressed the NGF receptor tropomyosin-related kinase A (trkA) were presented with a point source of NGF in vitro. Naive trkA neurons had no net turning response to NGF, but if they had been preconditioned by a peripheral nerve transection in vivo before culturing, their growth cones were attracted toward the NGF gradient. A laminin substrate was required for this behavior and an anti-trkA antibody interrupted turning. These data demonstrate that injured adult mammalian axons can be guided as they regenerate. Moreover, despite the downregulation of trkA mRNA and protein levels within the dorsal root ganglion after injury, sensory neurons retain and increase trkA protein at the injury site where the regenerating axons are found. This may enhance the axonal response to NGF and allow guidance along an NGF gradient created in vivo in the distal nerve stump.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 5684394
Created: 2011-12-19
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-12-19
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.