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Angiogenesis in hypersensitivity pneumonitis.

Authors: Navarro, C  Ruiz, V  Gaxiola, M  Carrillo, G  Selman, M 
Citation: Navarro C, etal., Arch Physiol Biochem. 2003 Oct;111(4):365-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15764076
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.3109/13813450312331337612

Angiogenesis is an essential process required for growth and tissue repair after injury, but it may also contribute to the pathology of a number of human disorders including neoplasias, atherosclerosis and inflammatory diseases. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic peptide upregulated by many cytokines and endothelium shear stresses. Lung is a highly vascular tissue with finely organized and regulated microvascular beds, and its inflammation may lead to dysregulated angiogenesis. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is a lung disorder characterized by chronic lymphocytic inflammation and endothelial damage. However, neovascularization has not been previously explored. In this study, we examined the expression and localization of VEGF in 38 patients with HP and 14 healthy control subjects (CS). VEGF levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured by ELISA, and cellular lung localization was determined by immunohistochemistry. In addition, VEGF expression was analyzed in lung tissue by RT-PCR. Our results showed sera levels significantly increased in HP patients compared with CS (209.3 +/- 189.3 vs. 55.3 +/- 31.4 pg/ml; p = 0.004). By contrast, BALF levels of VEGF were significantly decreased in HP patients compared with CS (35.3 +/- 51.5 pg/ml vs. 185.1 +/- 191.4 pg/ml; p < 0.001). VEGF was primary expressed by epithelial cells, smooth muscle cells, and interstitial macrophages in HP tissue. Flt-1 and Flk-1 receptors were highly expressed by endothelial cells from medium and small vessels in HP tissue. By RT-PCR the VEGF RNA was increased compared with those in normal lung. Our results suggest that abnormal expression of VEGF may contribute to impair the lung repair in HP.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 5684419
Created: 2011-12-19
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2011-12-19
Status: ACTIVE



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