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Dopamine D1-like receptor-mediated inhibition of Cl/HCO3- exchanger activity in rat intestinal epithelial IEC-6 cells is regulated by G protein-coupled receptor kinase 6 (GRK 6).

Authors: Fraga, S  Luo, Y  Jose, P  Zandi-Nejad, K  Mount, DB  Soares-da-Silva, P 
Citation: Fraga S, etal., Cell Physiol Biochem. 2006;18(6):347-60.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17170521
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1159/000097612

The present study investigated the effect of dopamine D1-like receptor stimulation on the Cl-/HCO3- exchange activity in rat intestinal epithelial IEC-6 cells. The Cl-/HCO3- exchange activity was found to be a chloride-dependent, DIDS-sensitive and niflumate-insensitive process. The presence of the SLC26A6 anion exchanger was detected by both RT-PCR and immunoblotting analysis in IEC-6 cells, in which three different small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) targeting SLC26A6 markedly inhibited Cl-/HCO3- exchange. Activation of dopamine D1-like receptors with SKF 38393 inhibited Cl-/HCO3- exchanger activity, this being antagonized by the D1 selective antagonist SKF 83566. However, effects of SKF 38393 were maximal at 5 min of exposure to the agonist and rapidly diminished with no effect at 15 min, suggestive of agonist-induced desensitization of D1-like receptors. Pretreatment of cells with heparin, a non-selective inhibitor of G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs), prevented the observed attenuation of SKF 38393-induced inhibition of Cl-/HCO3- exchange. Overnight pretreatment with anti-GRK6A and anti-GRK6B, but not with anti-GRK4 antibodies, prevented the loss of SKF 38393-mediated effects. Both PKA and PKC signaling pathways participate in SKF 38393-mediated inhibition of Cl-/HCO3- exchange. These findings suggest that SLC26A6 is at least one of the anion exchanger's family members responsible for Cl-/HCO3- exchange in IEC-6 cells. Dopamine D1 receptors in IEC-6 rapidly desensitize to D1-like agonist stimulation and GRK 6, but not GRK 4, appear to be involved in agonist-mediated responsiveness and desensitization.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 5684927
Created: 2012-01-05
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2012-01-05
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.