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Inhibition of allergic bronchial asthma by thrombomodulin is mediated by dendritic cells.

Authors: Takagi, T  Taguchi, O  Toda, M  Ruiz, DB  Bernabe, PG  D'Alessandro-Gabazza, CN  Miyake, Y  Kobayashi, T  Aoki, S  Chiba, F  Yano, Y  Conway, EM  Munesue, S  Yamamoto, Y  Yamamoto, H  Suzuki, K  Takei, Y  Morser, J  Gabazza, EC 
Citation: Takagi T, etal., Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Jan 1;183(1):31-42. Epub 2010 Aug 13.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:20709825
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1164/rccm.201001-0107OC

RATIONALE: bronchial asthma is caused by inappropriate acquired immune responses to environmental allergens. It is a major health problem, with a prevalence that is rapidly increasing. Curative therapy is not currently available. OBJECTIVES: to test the hypothesis that thrombomodulin (TM) inhibits allergic bronchial asthma by inducing tolerogenic dendritic cells (DCs). METHODS: the protective effect of TM was evaluated using a murine asthma model. Asthma was induced in mice by exposure to chicken egg ovalbumin, and the effects of inhaled TM or TM-treated DCs were assessed by administering before ovalbumin exposure. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: treatment with TM protects against bronchial asthma measured as improved lung function and reduced IgE and cells in alveolar lavage fluid by inducing tolerogenic dendritic dells. These are characterized by high expression of surface TM (CD141/TM(+)) and low expression of maturation markers and possess reduced T-cell costimulatory activity. The CD141/TM(+) DCs migrate less toward chemokines, and after TM treatment there are fewer DCs in the draining lymph node and more in the lungs. The TM effect is independent of its role in coagulation. Rather, it is mediated via the TM lectin domain directly interacting with the DCs. CONCLUSIONS: the results of this study show that TM is a modulator of DC immunostimulatory properties and a novel candidate drug for the prevention of bronchial asthma in atopic patients.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 5684984
Created: 2012-01-05
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2012-01-05
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.