NG2 positive cells of rat spinal cord activated during experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis are spatially associated with radially oriented astroglia and express p75 receptor: a role for nerve growth factor in oligodendrocyte progenitor migration?

Authors: Oderfeld-Nowak, B  Zaremba, M  Kwiatkowska-Patzer, B  Lipkowski, AW  Kurkowska-Jastrzebska, I  Triaca, V  Aloe, L 
Citation: Oderfeld-Nowak B, etal., Arch Ital Biol. 2009 Dec;147(4):105-15.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:20162860

Data have been provided from several studies that support the proposal that the adult oligodendrocyte progenitors migrate into the lesioned areas under conditions of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). However, the routes of migration of these cells and the governing mechanisms are not clear. In the present studies, we have examined the effect of EAE upon activation of endogenous oligodendroglia progenitors and their spatial distribution in the spinal cord of Lewis rats using immunocytochemical procedures. Antibodies against the marker chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan NG2, are used for identification of oligodendroglia progenitors. We find that the activated elongated subpopulation of NG2 positive oligodendroglia progenitors of white matter is spatially associated with the radially-oriented astroglia during the acute phase of EAE. The latter re-expressed the phenotypic embryonic marker nestin while still expressing the mature astroglial marker GFAP. The elongated oligodendroglia progenitors express p75 receptor. In addition, colocalization of NG2 and p75 is observed also in ependymal neural cells of the central canal and the subventricular zone. This raises the possibility that the activated NG2+/p75+ parenchymal cell pool may also be recruited from multipotent neural cells of the germination areas. Our data suggest that, under EAE conditions, the radially oriented astroglia of juvenile phenotype may serve as scaffolding for migrating activated endogenous oligodendroglia progenitors just like radial glia provide a path for neuronal and oligodendroglia progenitor cells in embryonic stage. The expression of p75 receptor in oligodendroglia progenitors associated with radially oriented astroglia during EAE may implicate a role for NGF in the regulation of migration of oligodendroglia progenitors.

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CRRD ID: 5686863
Created: 2012-01-27
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2012-01-27
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.