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Identification of novel biomarkers in seasonal allergic rhinitis by combining proteomic, multivariate and pathway analysis.

Authors: Wang, H  Gottfries, J  Barrenas, F  Benson, M 
Citation: Wang H, etal., PLoS One. 2011;6(8):e23563. Epub 2011 Aug 24.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:21887273
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0023563

BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoids (GCs) play a key role in the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR). However, some patients show a low response to GC treatment. We hypothesized that proteins that correlated to discrimination between symptomatic high and low responders (HR and LR) to GC treatment might be regulated by GCs and therefore suitable as biomarkers for GC treatment. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We identified 953 nasal fluid proteins in symptomatic HR and LR with a LC MS/MS based-quantitative proteomics analysis and performed multivariate analysis to identify a combination of proteins that best separated symptomatic HR and LR. Pathway analysis showed that those proteins were most enriched in the acute phase response pathway. We prioritized candidate biomarkers for GC treatment based on the multivariate and pathway analysis. Next, we tested if those candidate biomarkers differed before and after GC treatment in nasal fluids from 40 patients with SAR using ELISA. Several proteins including ORM (P<0.0001), APOH (P<0.0001), FGA (P<0.01), CTSD (P<0.05) and SERPINB3 (P<0.05) differed significantly before and after GC treatment. Particularly, ORM (P<0.01), FGA (P<0.05) and APOH (P<0.01) that belonged to the acute phase response pathway decreased significantly in HR but not LR before and after GC treatment. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: We identified several novel biomarkers for GC treatment response in SAR with combined proteomics, multivariate and pathway analysis. The analytical principles may be generally applicable to identify biomarkers in clinical studies of complex diseases.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 5688767
Created: 2012-03-06
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2012-03-06
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.