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Cloning of the rat Slc14a2 gene and genomic organization of the UT-A urea transporter.

Authors: Nakayama, Y  Naruse, M  Karakashian, A  Peng, T  Sands, JM  Bagnasco, SM 
Citation: Nakayama Y, etal., Biochim Biophys Acta 2001 Mar 19;1518(1-2):19-26.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11267655

We cloned the Slc14a2 gene and determined the genomic organization of the rat urea transporter UT-A. Slc14a2, the gene encoding the rat UT-A transporter, extends for more that 300 kb. The four known rat mRNA isoforms: UT-A1, UT-A2, UT-A3, and UT-A4 are transcribed from 24 exons. The Slc14a2 genomic map also accounts for 3'-untranslated sequences expressed alternatively in UT-A1, UT-A2, and UT-A3. We previously identified a TATA-less, tonicity-responsive promoter controlling the transcription of UT-A1, UT-A3, and UT-A4 from a single initiation site in the 5'-flanking region of the gene. Here, we describe a second, internal promoter in intron 12, which controls the transcription of UT-A2 starting from exon 13. This region contains a TATA motif upstream from the UT-A2 transcription start site, and shows consensus sequences for the cAMP response element (CRE) and for the tonicity enhancer (TonE) motif. Stimulation by cAMP induces UT-A2 mRNA expression in mIMCD3 cells, and luciferase activity in mIMCD3 cells transfected with those pGL3 constructs including the CRE sequences. Although long-term exposure to hypertonicity induces UT-A2 expression in mIMCD3 cells, hypertonicity does not induce significantly the activity of the promoter in intron 12. In summary, we describe the genomic structure of the rat UT-A urea transporter, encoded by the Slc14a2 gene. Our findings suggest that two promoters regulate transcription of the four UT-A isoforms, and that stimulation of transcription by vasopressin, mediated by cAMP and CRE sequences, and controlled by an intronic promoter, may contribute to the increase in UT-A2 expression during water deprivation.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 628423
Created: 2003-01-07
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2003-01-07
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.