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Identification of rat brain p42(IP4), a high-affinity inositol(1,3,4, 5)tetrakisphosphate/phosphatidylinositol(3,4,5)trisphosphate binding protein.

Authors: Aggensteiner, M  Stricker, R  Reiser, G 
Citation: Aggensteiner M, etal., Biochim Biophys Acta 1998 Sep 8;1387(1-2):117-28.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9748531

Inositol(1,3,4,5)tetrakisphosphate (InsP4) and phosphatidylinositol(3,4,5)trisphosphate (PtdInsP3) are two potential second messengers with a still largely unknown mode of action. We recently cloned the 42 kDa protein p42IP4 previously purified from pig cerebellum, which binds InsP4 (Kd approximately 2 nM) and PtdInsP3 with comparable affinities (Stricker et al., FEBS Lett. 405 (1997) 229). The protein p42IP4 (pig) is highly homologous to centaurin-alpha, a larger protein of 46 kDa, derived from a rat brain cDNA library clone (Hammonds-Odie et al., J. Biol. Chem. 271 (1996) 18859). Here we investigated whether also p42IP4 is expressed in rat brain and how it might be related to centaurin-alpha. When we carried out RT-PCR using mRNA from brain of rats of different ages we obtained several clones corresponding to p42IP4, but not to centaurin-alpha. The existence of p42IP4 in rat brain is supported by the following findings: (1) biochemical analysis of the purified rat brain protein shows inositol phosphate ligand affinities identical to those of the protein from other species; (2) Western blot analysis of rat brain membrane fractions using a peptide-specific antiserum revealed only the 42 kDa protein (p42IP4), but did not give evidence for the occurrence of a larger 46 kDa centaurin-alpha-like protein in rat brain; and (3) the amino acid sequences deduced from p42IP4 cDNA are highly homologous in several species and are confirmed by protein fragment microsequences. Thus, p42IP4 from rat brain which has two pleckstrin homology domains is a protein largely conserved between different species and most likely has an important function in inositol phosphate or inositol lipid signal transduction.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 632412
Created: 2003-08-29
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2004-05-25
Status: ACTIVE



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