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Two highly homologous members of the ClC chloride channel family in both rat and human kidney.

Authors: Kieferle, S  Fong, P  Bens, M  Vandewalle, A  Jentsch, TJ 
Citation: Kieferle S, etal., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1994 Jul 19;91(15):6943-7.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:8041726

We have cloned two closely related putative Cl- channels from both rat kidney (designated rClC-K1 and rClC-K2) and human kidney (hClC-Ka and hClC-Kb) by sequence homology to the ClC family of voltage-gated Cl- channels. While rClC-K1 is nearly identical to ClC-K1, a channel recently isolated by a similar strategy, rClC-K2 is 80% identical to rClC-K1 and is encoded by a different gene. hClC-Ka and hClC-Kb show approximately 90% identity, while being approximately 80% identical to the rat proteins. All ClC-K gene products are expressed predominantly in the kidney. While rClC-K1 is expressed strongly in the cortical thick ascending limb and the distal convoluted tubule, with minor expression in the S3 segment of the proximal tubule and the cortical collecting tubule, rClC-K2 is expressed in all segments of the nephron examined, including the glomerulus. Since they are related more closely to each other than to the rat proteins, hClC-Ka and hClC-Kb cannot be regarded as strict homologs of rClC-K1 or rClC-K2. After injection of ClC-K cRNAs into oocytes, corresponding proteins were made and glycosylated, though no additional Cl- currents were detectable. Glycosylation occurs between domains D8 and D9, leading to a revision of the transmembrane topology model for ClC channels.


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Additional Information

CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 632474
Created: 2003-08-29
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2003-08-29
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.