Distribution and developmental changes of adenylate kinase isozymes in the rat brain: localization of adenylate kinase 1 in the olfactory bulb.

Authors: Inouye, S  Yamada, Y  Miura, K  Suzuki, H  Kawata, K  Shinoda, K  Nakazawa, A 
Citation: Inouye S, etal., Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1999 Jan 27;254(3):618-22.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9920788
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1006/bbrc.1998.0116

Changes in the levels of three adenylate kinase isozymes (AK1, AK2, and AK3) in the rat brain during development were investigated by immunoblot analysis. The levels of AK1 and AK3 of the whole brain increased after birth, while AK2 was detected only in the early embryonic period. In the adult rat brain, high levels of AK1 were present in the olfactory bulb. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that AK1 was found predominantly in the olfactory nerve layer and the glomerular layer. In the olfactory bulb, AK1 gene expression was enhanced in the early postnatal days, whereas it remained low in the cerebellum during the first 10 postnatal days. These results suggest that the AK isozymes are involved in neuronal maturation and regeneration. The understanding of the physiological actions of adenosine and ATP as neurotransmitters/neuromodulaters in the central nervous system has improved. ATP and adenosine receptors have been found to be widely distributed over the whole brain, although the intra- and extracellular metabolism of these compounds has not been well elucidated.


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CRRD ID: 632499
Created: 2003-08-29
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2003-08-29
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.