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Constitutive expression of functional GABA(B) receptors in mIL-tsA58 cells requires both GABA(B(1)) and GABA(B(2)) genes.

Authors: Chronwall, BM  Davis, TD  Severidt, MW  Wolfe, SE  McCarson, KE  Beatty, DM  Low, MJ  Morris, SJ  Enna, SJ 
Citation: Chronwall BM, etal., J Neurochem 2001 Jun;77(5):1237-47.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11389174

Studies of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)(B) receptor function in heterologous cell systems have suggested that expression of two distinct seven transmembrane G-protein coupled receptor subunits is necessary for receptor activation and signal transduction. Some results suggest that both receptor proteins must be inserted into the plasma membrane to create heterodimers; however, it is possible that subunit monomers or homodimers are functional in cells which constitutively express GABA(B) receptors. A new pituitary intermediate lobe melanotrope cell clone (mIL tsA58) has been isolated which constitutively expresses GABA(B), D(2) and corticotrophin releasing factor receptors. Here, we report on characterization of the GABA(B) receptors. Solution hybridization-nuclease protection assays reveal the presence of GABA(B(1)) and GABA(B(2)) transcripts. Western blots show GABA(B(1a)) and one of two GABA(B(2)) proteins. Addition of the GABA(B) agonist baclofen to cultured mIL-tsA58 (mIL) cells inhibits high voltage activated Ca(2+) channels, as measured by agonist-induced inhibition of the K(+)-depolarization-stimulated increase in Ca(2+) influx. CGP55845, a GABA(B) antagonist, blocks the response to baclofen. Knockdown of either GABA(B(1)) or GABA(B(2)) subunits with selective antisense oligodeoxynucleotides reduced GABA(B) protein levels and completely abolished the GABA(B) receptor response in the mIL cells. Taken together, these results indicate that functionally active GABA(B) receptors in mIL cells require the constitutive expression of both GABA(B) genes. This is a physiologic validation of results from recombinant overexpression in naive cells and shows that the mIL cell line is a useful model for studying GABA(B) receptor expression, regulation and function.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 632824
Created: 2003-08-29
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2004-05-25
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.