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Molecular characterization of glutamic acid/glutamine-rich secretory proteins from rat submandibular glands.

Authors: Mirels, L  Bedi, GS  Dickinson, DP  Gross, KW  Tabak, LA 
Citation: Mirels L, etal., J Biol Chem 1987 May 25;262(15):7289-97.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:2438276

A family of abundant rat submandibular gland secretory proteins has been identified in glandular extracts and characterized. By amino acid analysis these proteins contain approximately 35% glutamic acid and glutamine plus 14% proline. They have therefore been named "Glx-rich proteins" (GRP). Plasmids containing cDNAs for a GRP have been isolated from a cDNA library prepared from rat submandibular gland poly(A)+RNA. The nucleotide sequence of these cDNAs have been determined. Approximately half of the protein coding sequence is composed of a 23-residue tandem repeat which is repeated five times. The first four repeats are highly conserved at both the nucleotide and amino acid level and consist of the prototype sequence: Asn-Gln-Glu-Pro-Pro-Ala-Thr-Ser-Gly-Ser-Glu-Glu-Glu-Gln-Gln-Gln-Gln-Glu- Pro-Thr-Gln-Ala-Glu. The expression of GRP appears to be specific to the submandibular gland. In vitro assays demonstrate that the GRP have a marked affinity for hydroxyapatite. This suggests that GRP may play a role in the formation of the protective acquired pellicle at the saliva-tooth interface.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 632927
Created: 2003-08-29
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2004-05-25
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.