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cDNA cloning and expression of a novel family of enzymes with calcium-independent phospholipase A2 and lysophospholipase activities.

Authors: Portilla, D  Crew, MD  Grant, D  Serrero, G  Bates, LM  Dai, G  Sasner, M  Cheng, J  Buonanno, A 
Citation: Portilla D, etal., J Am Soc Nephrol 1998 Jul;9(7):1178-86.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9644627

Previous studies have suggested that activation of calcium-independent PLA2 (CaIPLA2) is an early event in cell death after hypoxic injury in proximal tubule cells. An approximately 28-kD CaIPLA2 with preferential activity toward plasmalogen phospholipids has been recently purified from rabbit kidney cortex (D. Portilla and G. Dai, J Biol Chem 271, 15,451-15,457, 1996). Their report describes the cloning of a full-length rat cDNA encoding CaIPLA2, using sequences derived from the purified rabbit kidney cortex enzyme. In addition, cDNA from rabbit kidney that encode the rabbit homologue of the enzyme and a closely related isoform were isolated. The rat cDNA is predicted to encode an approximately 24-kD protein, and each cDNA contains the sequence G-F-S-Q-G, which fits the active site consensus sequence G-X-S-X-G of carboxylesterases. Several lines of evidence (DNA sequence comparison, Southern blot analysis, and examination of the expressed sequence tag database) show that CaIPLA2 enzymes are encoded by a multigene family in rats, mice, rabbits, and humans. Northern analysis of various tissues from the rat indicated that the CaIPLA2 gene is ubiquitously expressed, with highest mRNA abundance observed in the kidney and small intestine. The rat CaIPLA2 cDNA, when expressed in a baculovirus expression system, and the purified rabbit kidney cortex protein exhibit both CaIPLA2 and lysophospholipase activities. The cloned CaIPLA2 cDNA are expected to aid in understanding the role of CaIPLA2 in cell death after hypoxic/ischemic cell injury.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 633195
Created: 2003-08-29
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2004-05-25
Status: ACTIVE



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