Proliferating and migrating mesangial cells responding to injury express a novel receptor protein-tyrosine phosphatase in experimental mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis.

Authors: Wright, MB  Hugo, C  Seifert, R  Disteche, CM  Bowen-Pope, DF 
Citation: Wright MB, etal., J Biol Chem 1998 Sep 11;273(37):23929-37.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9727007

The mesangial cell provides structural support to the kidney glomerulus. A polymerase chain reaction-based cDNA display approach identified a novel protein-tyrosine phosphatase, rPTP-GMC1, whose transcript expression is transiently and dramatically up-regulated during the period of mesangial cell migration and proliferation that follows mesangial cell injury in the anti-Thy 1 model of mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis in the rat. In situ hybridization analysis confirmed that rPTP-GMC1 mRNA is up-regulated specifically by mesangial cells responding to the injury and is not detectable in other cells in the kidney or in many normal tissues. In cell culture, rPTP-GMC1 is expressed by mesangial cells but not by glomerular endothelial or epithelial cells (podocytes). The longest transcript (7.5 kilobases) encodes a receptor-like protein-tyrosine phosphatase consisting of a single catalytic domain, a transmembrane segment, and 18 fibronectin type III-like repeats in the extracellular segment. A splice variant predicts a truncated molecule missing the catalytic domain. rPTP-GMC1 maps to human chromosome 12q15 and to the distal end of mouse chromosome 10. The predicted structure of rPTP-GMC1 and its pattern of expression in vivo and in culture suggest that it plays a role in regulating the adhesion and migration of mesangial cells in response to injury.


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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.