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The rat homologue of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP)-interacting protein (WIP) associates with actin filaments, recruits N-WASP from the nucleus, and mediates mobilization of actin from stress fibers in favor of filopodia formation.

Authors: Vetterkind, S  Miki, H  Takenawa, T  Klawitz, I  Scheidtmann, KH  Preuss, U 
Citation: Vetterkind S, etal., J Biol Chem 2002 Jan 4;277(1):87-95.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11687573
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1074/jbc.M104555200

We cloned and characterized the rat homologue of the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP)-interacting protein (WIP). Rat WIP shows 86% amino acid sequence identity to human WIP. Northern analyses revealed two major mRNA species of 5.0 and 3.8 kb, which were ubiquitously expressed, though predominantly in spleen and lung. Minor species of 2.4, 1.8, 1.4, and 1.1 kb were also detected in some tissues and cell lines. Thus, WIP is subject to tissue-specific alternative splicing. WIP bound to N-WASP in vivo, as revealed by co-immunoprecipitation. Expression of WIP in rat fibroblasts revealed a clear co-localization with actin stress fibers. However, expression in tumor cells lacking actin cables did not restore these structures. Interestingly, co-expression of WIP and N-WASP resulted in redistribution of N-WASP, abrogating its dominant nuclear expression and leading to co-localization with WIP in the perinuclear area and with actin in membrane protrusions. Moreover, stress fibers and, concomitantly, the associated WIP were largely dissolved. Very similar effects were seen upon epidermal growth factor stimulation of serum-starved cells. Our results suggest that WIP might be involved in transmitting mitogenic signals to cytoskeletal functions, perhaps by modulating the subcellular localization of N-WASP. Interaction of N-WASP with WIP may in turn lead to mobilization of actin from stress fibers and nucleation of new actin filaments in filopodia.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 634538
Created: 2003-08-29
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2003-08-29
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.