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Molecular cloning of human growth inhibitory factor cDNA and its down-regulation in Alzheimer's disease.

Authors: Tsuji, S  Kobayashi, H  Uchida, Y  Ihara, Y  Miyatake, T 
Citation: Tsuji S, etal., EMBO J. 1992 Dec;11(13):4843-50.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:1464312

In previous studies, we discovered a growth inhibitory factor (GIF) that was abundant in normal human brain, but greatly reduced in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain. Molecular cloning of a full-length cDNA for human GIF revealed that the GIF had striking homology to metallothioneins. Furthermore, it was determined that the GIF gene was on chromosome 16, as are the metallothionein genes. GIF, in contrast to metallothioneins, was found to be expressed exclusively in the nervous system. The GIF protein produced by Escherichia coli harboring the GIF cDNA in a prokaryotic expression vector inhibited the growth of neonatal rat cortical neurons. These results indicate that GIF is a new member of the metallothionein family with distinct tissue-specific expression and functions. Northern blot analysis revealed that expression of the GIF mRNA is drastically decreased in AD brains. The result raises the possibility that down-regulation of the GIF gene in AD brain plays an important role in the pathogenesis of AD.

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CRRD ID: 6480485
Created: 2012-03-26
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2012-03-26
Status: ACTIVE



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