AML-1A and AML-1B regulation of MIP-1alpha expression in multiple myeloma.

Authors: Choi, SJ  Oba, T  Callander, NS  Jelinek, DF  Roodman, GD 
Citation: Choi SJ, etal., Blood. 2003 May 15;101(10):3778-83. Epub 2003 Jan 30.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12560229
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1182/blood-2002-08-2641

Macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha) is produced in high concentration by multiple myeloma (MM) cells in about 70% of patients, and MIP-1alpha levels correlate with their disease activity. Patients who have high levels of MIP-1alpha have a poor prognosis. Furthermore, blocking MIP-1alpha expression in an in vivo model of human MM profoundly decreases both tumor burden and bone destruction, suggesting that MIP-1alpha is an important mediator of MM bone disease. Therefore, to analyze the regulation of MIP-1alpha production in MM, we cloned the human MIP-1alpha promoter and characterized the transcription factor (TF) motifs that control MIP-1alpha expression in MM cells. The proximal region of MIP-1alpha promoter was composed of 2 sets of identical transcription regulatory regions consisting of GATA-2(+) AML-1(+) C/EBPalpha motifs. Since 2 alternatively spliced variants of the acute myeloid leukemia-1 (AML-1) class of TFs can bind the AML-1 region, AML-1A and AML-1B, the relationship between the expression levels of AML-1A or AML-1B in MM cells and their capacity to express MIP-1alpha was examined. AML-1A mRNA was relatively overexpressed compared with AML-1B in MM cell lines that produced high levels of MIP-1alpha (> 1 ng/mL per 10(6) cells per 72 hours), but AML-1A was not increased in MM cell lines that expressed less than 200 pg/mL MIP-1alpha. More importantly, the ratio of AML-1A to AML-1B mRNA levels was also increased in 3 of 3 highly purified myeloma cells from patients with MM who expressed increased amounts of MIP-1alpha. The ratio of AML-1A to AML-1B mRNA in patients with MM was 8-fold higher than in healthy controls. Transduction of AML-1B into the MM-derived MM.1S and ARH-77 cells totally blocked MIP-1alpha production, while AML-1A did not further increase the already high levels of MIP-1alpha produced by these cells. Taken together, these data demonstrate that in patients with MM who produce increased concentrations of MIP-1alpha, the relative level of AML-1B is significantly decreased compared with healthy controls. The data suggest that strategies that enhance AML-1B expression or decrease AML-1A in MM cells may be beneficial therapeutically.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 6482834
Created: 2012-05-07
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2012-05-07
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.